A People’s History of the Inland Empire Digital Archive


Explore the growing digital archive of A People’s History of the I.E.

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Explore the complete Inland Mexican Heritage Digital Archive.

  • Ernest "Jimmy" Medina Interview

    Ernest "Jimmy" Medina discusses his life growing up in the Inland Empire. Additionally, he discussed his father's involvement in the bracero program and the citrus industry.
  • 1929 Redlands dieciséis de septiembre Queen and Court

    Pictured here in a partially colorized black and white image are the 1929 dieciséis de septiembre queen and her court in Redlands, California. Queen Lucy Hernandez and her court, consisting of Encarnacion "Chon" Manzano (left), Mary Macias (Second from left), Josefina Lara (second from right), reigned over a daylong fiesta complete with a parade, music, and dancing. September 16, dieciséis de septiembre, or Mexican Independence Day, was and continues to be a major event on the social calendar of Mexican American barrios across Southern California.
  • Redlands Floral Plunge

    This is one of the only known photographs of the Redlands Floral Plunge. Located on Oriental Avenue, the "Mexican Plunge" was built and run by the House of Neighborly Service, a Presbyterian community service orgnanization that provided everything from cultural enrichment to after school programs, childcare, and laundry facilities. Located a short distance up the railroad tracks was the Sylvan Plunge, a much larger and better-equipped facility open to Mexicans one day a week - the day the pool was cleaned. Although the Floral Plunge was used by many in the Mexican community, some parents refused to allow their children to patronize segregated facilities in a town where they "paid taxes, worked hard, and owned homes," as noted by Carl Sepulveda. In the 1960s, the aging Sylvan Plunge was desegregated, and the Mexican Plunge was turned into a private swim club for Anglo youth. By the 1980s, both pools had been demolished. In the photo is Richard Alvarez, the lifeguard who is standing with arms crossed.
  • Frederico Family, 1895

    Black and white photograph of the Federico Family pictured in Redlands in 1895. "From left to right above are (first row) Alejito and his father, Alejo; (second row) Alejo's daughters Jesusita, Mariana, Mercedes, and Eleanor. The Federicos moved to Redlands shortly after this photo was taken. Mercedes married Quintin Verlarde of Redlands, two of their grandchildren, Rita Radeleff and Lee Richardson donated photos, documents, and interviews for this collection." (Vasquez and Carpio, 12)
  • Redlands Packing Crew

    Black and white photograph of a group of six men in a truck bound for citrus picking circa 1938. Pictured is Joe Hernandez standing center on the truck along with Ismael "Smiley" Tejada (Standing on the truck's running board).
  • The Mexican Drum and Bugel Corps

    Black and white image of the Mexican Drum and Bugel Corps marching down Colton Avenue during the Dos de Abril festivities in the late 1920s. Two members of the band, Samuel "Sam" and Nick Coyazo were members of the group and are labeled in the image with arrows. The band was sponsored by Mexican patriotic and fraternal organizations which were often a pillar in Mexican American communities.
  • Sam Coyazo at Western Fruit Growers

    Black and white image of Samual R Coyazo standing on the bed of a truck. Taken in 1947 the image shows Samual known as "Sam" at Western Fruit Growers where he was a foreman. Handwritten on the photo is "Sam Coyazo, 1128 Lawton Street. Redland California, Best wishes to you always, phone 25636"
  • Sam Coyazo with Redlands Snow

    Sam Coyazo Jr. in front of his home on Calhoun Street in 1949 during a rare season where Redlands received snow. On the photograh is written "Sam M. Coyazo Redlands Jan 1949."
  • Guzman Family c. 1915

    "The Guzman family settled in Redlands before it was founded in 1888. Jesusita Guzman and Mercedes Velarde were sisters from the Federico family." (Vasquez and Carpio, 12) The black and white photograph shows Jesusita Guzman (standing), Richard Guzman (Standing Foreground), Epimenio Guzman (seated), Carlos Guzman (seated on lap).
  • Epimenio Guzman at a Blacksmith Shop

    Epimenio Guzman is pictured on the left at a blacksmith shop in this image from the early 1900s. Rita Radeleff, in an excerpt from her unpublished autobiography fondly remembered her uncle "Goose," who ran the shop on Stuard Ave. She wote "Goose would produce a nondescript piece of metal and heat it in the fire until it was fashioned into a shoe for the horse, which was waiting so patiently to be shod. Oh, how the veins on his arms and massive hands would pop out, I thought that they were going to burst! He would talk to the horse making it stand so still as he fit the shoe to the hoof, never hurting the horse though. He would then trim whatever damaged or excessive hoof, just as we would recieve a manicure."
  • Manuel Jacques checking irrigation pipes

    Mary Garcia's father, Manuel Jacques, stands in a trench in the orange groves as he check the concrete pipes which brought water to the orange groves. Concrete conduit, standpipes, and other products were essential to the citrus industry in the days before plastic pipes.
  • Manuel Jacques at Cement Manufacturing Plant

    Mary Garcia's father, Manuel Jacques, is pictured here at a concrete manufacturing plant on Colton Avenue in Redlands on December 18, 1939. Manuel is pictured with two other men as they lean against some cement pipes. Concrete conduit, standpipes, and other products were essential to the citrus industry in the days before plastic pipes.
  • Augustin Ruiz, 1979

    "This photograph shows Augustin Ruiz in 1979 on Cypress Street. In the 1990s, through the efforts of his descendants, Second Street was renamed Ruiz Street in honor of the patriarch, who lived to the age of 104." According to Aurelia Ruiz Reyes, "My grandpa was working, he was here already working in San Francisco at the time of the earthquake in 1906. He went back to Mexico and he brought my dad [Augustin Ruiz] over here to work. My grandpa had some relatives in Yucaipa and they stopped there for, I don't remember, not too long, because they were on their way to San Francisco. They were hitchhiking, and this man gave them a ride up to El Monte. So, the man gave them a job picking walnuts. They made a little money there, so they didn't continue to San Francisco, and they came back to Redlands. They lived... right on the corner of Stuart and Oriental. There's where the, a lot of the Spanish people were, Mexican people were before." (Vasquez and Carpio, 27)
  • Group Portrait of the Ruiz children

    The Ruiz children, from left to right, are Candida, Jose, and Lucille. Felix and Octavio are seated on Catota the mule. Their parents, Augustin and Angela, lived at 509 Lawton Street. Helen Cabral, Augustin and Angela's granddaughter, recalled that her grandfather "came from Zacualco, Jalisco and was born in 1890. He worked on the railroad in Arizona, then homesteaded in Redlands when he was 18. Augustin was a mason who made pipes for irrigating the groves, and he picked oranges seasonally. Catota was used as transportation and for taking the family to Chino to pick walnuts. He was a strong mule. Catota became so recognized that people thought my grandfather's name was Catota, and they called the family the Catota Clan." This photograph was taken in front of their home in 1920.
  • Lincoln School

    Black and white class photograph of Lincoln school in Redlands, California. "Lincoln School in 1910 was officially segregated, but in Redlands, children from the Mexican colonia went to Lincoln, Lugonia, and Franklin Elementary, mixing with children of other ethnicities from their neighborhoods." (Vasquez and Carpio, 44)
  • 1929 Redlands Dieciseis de Septiembre Queen and Court

    Pictured here in a partially colorized black and white image are the 1929 Dieciseis de Septiembre queen and her court. Queen Lucy Hernandez and her court, consisting of Encarnacion "Chon" Manzano (left), Mary Macias (second from left), and Josefina Lara (second from right), reigned over a daylong fiesta complete with a parade, music, and dancing. September 16, or Mexican Independence Day, was a major event on the social calendar of barrios across Southern California.
  • Group of congregants in front of Our Lady of Mercy in Redlands, California

    A group photo of many children congregants at Our Lady Of Mercy Church on Calhoun street in Redlands, taken May 1938. Written on back: "5 Roque family members Tacho and Jose Roque Father and Mother Hignio and Dorotea. Estevan, Mary and Davie Father Genovevo and Paulina Roque.Bottom row L to R Joe Garcia, Teddy Mendoza, A + T Guintara. Ancho Roque, Jose Roque. Isabel Guerero, Silvestra Manzano ...? ? Madrid, Jouita Guerrero, Cruz Manzano ? Top - Edward Ramirez, Stove Candelaria, Albert Mendoza, Pascual ? Ramona Delgado, ? Garcia, Chole Jimenez, Ester Garcia. Top Last three Mary Roque, Gavivia Roque. Feliz and Lara married name" Lupe Yglesias recalled that "all the Mexican kids went to Our Lady of Mercy here on Calhoun, where this picture was taken. In fact, you will see a lot of the Roques are in the picture. In the picture you can see the building, which burned later. We had the school and then later, on Sundays, we would have mass. They would open the doors for the whole people." (Vasquez and Carpio, 44)
  • Roque family c. 1930

    The Roque children, including Felipe and his wife Bicenta (center, holding baby), are pictured in Redlands during the early 1930s. Lupe Roque Yglesias remembered: "We came into Redlands when I was about two and a half. We lived there in Third Street then we moved into the Barrio Judeo, that area, right there on Herald Street, it was the Barrio de Judeo. We had little bungalows, all on that big lot. I was eight years old when we bought the house where we grew up [1113 Herald Street]. We moved into it for $1,000. And the house is still there." Pictured: (top) Freddie Roque, Eiberto Roque, Tony Roque, Bicenta Roque, and Tomas. On the left is Fryne Roque Yglecias, Maggie Roque Castro, May Barbo, Jennie Roque, and Faith Filipe Roque.
  • Lupe Yglesias and Lupe Corrales

    Portrait of Lupe Yglesias (left) and Lupe Corrales in Redlands in the late 1940s. In the corner their names are written in cursive.
  • Concha Yglesias

    Black and white photograph of Concha Yglesias holding a baby and standing in front of her home on Pearl Avenue near what is now the 6th Street freeway on-ramp. Many homes along Pearl Avenue, such as those depicted in this image from the 1940s, were destroyed to create the new road.
  • Wally and Chris Sanchez

    "Wally Sanchez and his father, Chris Sanchez, are pictured here around 1928. Wally became a star college athlete and popular educator in Redlands. He served in the Air Force during World War II. He recalled social barriers in Redlands and his first time traveling in the southern United States." (Vasquez and Carpio, 36) The black and white image shows a young Wally sitting on a tractor while his father leans against the tractor.
  • Hay Baler and Horse Team in the Yucaipa Area

    Black and white image of a hay-baling machine owned by Bob Garcia's grandfather. Garcia remembered, "He [My gandfather] would take it all over the place, Yucaipa, Moreno Valley, and rent it to folks." In the image, the machine is being led by many horses and five men sit atop the machine as it works.
  • Rita, Sally and Celia Coyazo

    Black and white photograph of, from left to right, Rita Coyazo, Sally Coyazo, and Celia Coyazo. They are posing before a performace at the 1973 Jamaica and St. Mary's Catholic Church event. The St. Mary's Jamaica was an annual fundraising event that grew hundreds of people from the North Redlands barrio. The fiestas were open to the public and included games, music, food, and a street dance.
  • Palmer Leland "Richey" Richardson circa 1910

    Photograph circa 1910 of Palmer Leland "Richey" Richardson, born April 8, 1885, in South Dakota near Lulare in Boondocks. Palmer married Tomasita Vellarde in 1913 and was a chauffeur in his youth. During the 1930s, he owned and operated Richey's Garage in downtown Redlands.
  • Armando Gonzales at Community Park

    Black and white image of four men, including Armando Gonzales (batter, third from left) at Community Park. This image was taken during the 1947 Pony Major Championship held at the baseball fields at Community Park in Redlands. Like many baseball leagues across Southern California and the Southwest, Mexican adults and children played in segregated "Mexican Leagues" rather than integrated teams.
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